Seit ist Deutschland beim ESC dabei. Nicole gelang der erste Sieg mit "Ein bisschen Frieden". Alle Platzierungen, Teilnehmer und Songs von. Mai Gewinner des diesjährigen Song Contests: die Sängerin Netta für Israel. Und für Deutschland gab es eine echte Überraschung! Das war die. Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der Geschichte Deutschlands als Teilnehmer am Eurovision .. verzichtete der eigentliche Gewinner der Vorentscheidung Andreas Kümmert (Heart of Stone) auf eine Teilnahme beim Eurovision Song.
At the 50th annual meeting of the EBU reference group in September , it was decided that, with still more nations entering, starting from the contest onwards two semi-finals would be held,  from each of which one could qualify for the final.
The only countries which automatically qualify for the grand final are the host country and the Big Five: In each of the semi-finals the voting is conducted among those countries which participate in that semi-final.
With regard to the automatic grand final qualifiers, who do not participate in the semi-finals, a draw is conducted to determine in which semi-final each of them will be allowed to vote.
In contrast, every participating country in a particular year may vote in the Saturday grand final — whether their song qualified for the final or not.
The ten countries which receive the most votes in each semi-final qualify for the grand final. They are announced by the presenters in English and French, in a random order.
Full voting results are withheld until after the grand final, whereupon they are published on the EBU's website. As of , Ireland holds the record for the highest number of wins, having won the contest seven times.
Sweden is second with six wins. France , Luxembourg and the United Kingdom are joint third with five wins each. The Netherlands and Israel both hold four victories.
Denmark and Norway have both won thrice, six countries have won twice, 12 countries have won once, and 24 countries have participated but never won.
The United Kingdom holds the record for the highest number of runner-up placings, coming in second on no less than 15 occasions as of Germany, Russia, France, Spain and Ireland have four runner-up entries.
Norway holds the record for finishing in last place in the final the most times: The early years of the contest saw many wins for "traditional" Eurovision countries: France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
However, the success of these countries has declined in recent decades; the Netherlands last won in ; France, in ; and Luxembourg, in Luxembourg last entered the contest in The first years of the 21st century produced numerous first-time winners, from both "new" and long-serving countries who had previously entered numerous times but without victories.
Every year from to inclusive, a country won for its first time. Estonia was the first post-Soviet country to win the competition in In , Turkey won for the first time.
In , Greece won for the first time, 15 years after the last Southern European country won, i. Italy in ; overall the South of Europe won the competition only six times seven if Serbia is included.
The winner was Finland 's Lordi , earning Finland's first win after having entered the contest for 45 years. Ukraine , on the other hand, did not have to wait so long, winning with only their second entry in Also notably, although not the nation's first win, Conchita Wurst 's win in broke a year losing run for Austria.
The contest was won by Russia in Serbia won the very first year it entered as an independent state, in , with the Serbian-language ballad " Molitva ".
When Portugal won in , they ended a year run of entering without a win, beating Finland 's previous record of 45 years. Cyprus now holds this record, with 35 years without a win, achieving their highest score, Second, in , and Malta is the most successful country without a win, achieving two second places and two third places.
In , Norway won the contest with points — Alexander Rybak held the winning title with his song " Fairytale ". His outstanding performance meant he had the highest total in the history of the competition, becoming the first competitor to score or more points, including 16 maximum scores.
This feat was emulated in , when Sweden won with points, but with a new record of 18 maximum scores. Russia placed second with points, becoming the first country to score more than points without winning.
In , the scoring system was changed, which meant that it was much easier to achieve over points — in fact, the winner — Jamala of Ukraine , achieved points, and all of top 9 scored or more points, and 25 of the 26 positions got their highest points ever.
This feat was then extended in when Salvador Sobral beat Ukraine's points record by points, in addition to Bulgaria beating the same score by 81 points.
However, had Portugal won under the previous voting system, it would still have had the highest total ever, with points, becoming the first competitor to score or more points, and would have set a new record of 20 maximum scores, beating Norway and Sweden, respectively.
In , Ukraine did not win either the jury vote or the televote, but won the contest with the highest combined vote.
The televote was won by Russia and the jury vote by Australia. In , eventual winner Israel won the televote but only came in third with the jury vote won by Austria.
There have been a number of Eurovision artists and groups whose careers were directly launched into the spotlight following their win.
Several other winners were well-known artists who won the contest mid-career after they had already established themselves, including Katrina and the Waves , winners in with " Love Shine a Light ",  Lulu , winner in with " Boom Bang-a-Bang ", and Sandie Shaw , winner in with " Puppet on a String ".
Women have dominated the contest since its inception, either performing solo or as a member of a group on 50 of the 67 winning entries as of The most recent winner of the contest is Netta Barzilai who won the contest for Israel.
In , a concert television programme was held to commemorate the contest's twenty-fifth anniversary. The event, entitled Songs of Europe , took place in Mysen , Norway, featuring nearly all the winners of the contest, from to It was hosted by Rolf Kirkvaag and Titten Tei.
In , the EBU had agreed with the Danish broadcaster, DR , to produce a programme to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the contest. The show, entitled Congratulations: A telephone vote was held to determine the most popular Eurovision song of all-time, which was won by the ABBA song " Waterloo " winner for Sweden in In , the EBU had decided again to commemorate the contest and agreed with the United Kingdom's broadcaster, BBC, to produce a show for the 60th anniversary of the contest, after evaluating several proposals from member broadcasters in regards to the anniversary celebration beyond the Contest in May.
The event was hosted by the British commentator for Eurovision, Graham Norton , and the host of the and Contest , Petra Mede. The contest has been the subject of criticism regarding both its musical and political content.
Most recently in and , Russia was heavily booed when it qualified for the final and received high points. Because the songs play to such a diverse supranational audience with contrasting musical tastes, and countries want to be able to appeal to as many people as possible to gain votes, this has led to the music of the contest being characterised as a "mishmash of power ballads , ethnic rhythms and bubblegum pop ".
The contest has long been accused by some of political bias; the perception is that judges and televoters allocate points based on their nation's relationship to the other countries, rather than the musical merits of the songs.
A recent study in  presents a new methodological approach which allows an analysis of the whole time-line of the contest from to investigate collusion and the cluster blocks which have been changing.
It allows the analysis to find collusive associations over periods where the voting scheme is non-homogeneous in the time window chosen, and the results show a changing pattern in the collusive tendencies previously discussed.
The current research into the analysis of the voting patterns has been used in notable sources, such as the Economist, for investigating whether over 10 year periods such collusion is increasing or decreasing  .
As an example, Terry Wogan , the United Kingdom's well-known presenter of Eurovision since and one of the only three presenters mentioned by name during the contest proper  stood down from the BBC One 's broadcast in saying "The voting used to be about the songs.
Now it's about national prejudices. We [the United Kingdom] are on our own. We had a very good song, a very good singer, we came joint last.
I don't want to be presiding over another debacle". Another influential factor is the high proportion of expatriates and ethnic minorities living in certain countries.
Although judges and televoters cannot vote for their own country's entry, expatriates can vote for their country of origin.
The total numbers of points to be distributed by each country are equal, irrespective of the country's population.
Thus voters in countries with larger populations have less power as individuals to influence the result of the contest than those voting in smaller countries.
For example, San Marino holds the same voting power as Russia despite the vast geographic and population differences between them. To try to reduce the effect of voting blocs, national juries were re-introduced alongside televoting in the final in Although many of them used to give their 12 points to the same country each year, like Cyprus and Greece, it has been noticed that factors such as the sets of other high votes received 7, 8 or 10 points and the number of countries giving points to a specific entry, also highly affect the final positions.
An overview of the overall preference between countries that exhibits patterns of high score allocations is a question that appears frequently and recently a new study investigates the question of 'neglect' in the competition.
The concept of 'neglect' here is represented by countries which produce patterns of biased low score allocations to certain countries. Together these two patterns provide a better view of the competition's intrinsic country pair biases.
Result of such a study are presented in, . From the analysis it can be seen that countries which exhibit these biases do not receive a penalization from other participants and it presents itself as a means to accumulate more points by establishing these partnerships.
From onwards, the final and the semi-finals running order of the competing performances at the semi-finals and the final has been decided by the show's producers and then approved by the EBU Executive Supervisor and the Reference Group.
An "allocation draw" occurs for the final and the semi-finals with each nation drawing to perform in the first or second half. The change in procedure was aimed to make the show more exciting and ensure that all contestants had a chance to stand out, preventing entries that are too similar from cancelling each other out.
Position 17 has the most victories, with 7. Positions 25, 26 and 27 have not won either, but there have been very few finals with that many participants.
A number of spin-offs and imitators of the Eurovision Song Contest have been produced over the years, some national and other international.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the television exchange which the contest was named after, see Eurovision network.
For other uses, see Eurovision disambiguation. For the final for Belgium's song and artist, see Eurosong Belgium. For the most recent contest, see Eurovision Song Contest For the upcoming contest, see Eurovision Song Contest History of the Eurovision Song Contest.
List of countries in the Eurovision Song Contest. Entered at least once. Never entered, although eligible to do so. Entry intended, but later withdrew.
Competed as a part of another country, but never as a sovereign country. List of host cities of the Eurovision Song Contest.
Rules of the Eurovision Song Contest. Languages in the Eurovision Song Contest. Voting at the Eurovision Song Contest. Songs of Europe concert.
Eurovision Song Contest's Greatest Hits. The collusion between countries in Eurovision to Mutual neglect of score allocations in the Eurovision to Produced using the methods presented in  and  a network of the significant score deviations can be viewed over a time period of interest.
Archived from the original PDF on 28 May Retrieved 26 December Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 31 October Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 8 May Museum of Broadcast Communications.
Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 15 July Archived from the original on 28 May Retrieved 21 August Daily Mail and General Trust.
In the mids, the members of the European Broadcasting Union set up an ad hoc committee to investigate ways of rallying the countries of Europe round a light entertainment programme.
It was on 6 June , that Montreux became the venue for the first transmission by the EBU's Eurovision Network of the Narcissus Festival and its flower-bedecked procession floats.
The idea was approved by the EBU General Assembly in Rome on 19 October , and it was decided that the first "Eurovision Grand Prix" — so baptised, incidentally, by a British journalist — would take place in spring at Lugano, Switzerland.
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Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 12 May Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 16 March Retrieved 9 November Retrieved 22 November Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 21 September Hosts Norway qualified automatically, the other 29 songs went into an audio only pre-qualification round, with the top 22 going on to compete alongside Norway in Oslo.
Unfortunately for Germany its entry, Leon with " Planet of Blue ", failed to earn enough points to progress to the final, finishing 24th.
This is the only time that Germany has been absent from the contest. Germany tied for last at the contest for points, but was awarded 23rd of 25th place when the results were posted.
In , ARD held an internal selection for the first time since due to lack of interest and viewing figures of the German national finals.
However they only managed to receive 35 points, placing 20th of 25 competing countries. In , ARD approached former entrant and songwriter Stefan Raab and private network ProSieben to co-operate in finding a winning entry for the country.
It has been said that Raab was approached due to his good record at the contest, finishing 5th in as well as writing entries in and , which finished 7th and 8th respectively.
A winner arose in Lena Meyer-Landrut with " Satellite ", who went on to win the contest. Two further collaborations with ProSieben provided the second and third top ten result in a row respectively in Lena Meyer-Landrut with " Taken by a Stranger " and Roman Lob with " Standing Still ".
The streak of top 10 finishes was broken in the contest, when Cascada 's song " Glorious " finished 21st with 18 points.
The group Elaiza in , Ann Sophie in , Jamie-Lee and Levina finished in 18th, 27th last , 26th last and 25th second to last place respectively.
Ann Sophie became the country's third entry to finish with nul points , followed by Nora Nova in and Ulla Wiesner in , and the first since the introduction of the current scoring system in Germany's luck changed in , when Michael Schulte brought them back to the top 5 for the first time since with " You Let Me Walk Alone ," finishing in fourth place.
This is the first time since that more than one country from the Big 5 has made the top ten with Italy finishing fifth and the second time after that two Big 5 countries have made the top five since the establishment of the rule.
Since , four particular countries have automatically qualified for the Eurovision final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous Contests.
Due to their untouchable status in the Contest, these countries became known as the " Big Four " In , it was reported that the Big Four could lose their status and have to compete in the semi-finals.
As of , Germany's voting history is as follows:. However Peter Urban provided ARD TV commentary every year since ,  however due to his health issues in he was forced to step down as role as German commentator with HR disc jockey Tim Frühling filling in to commentate at Moscow.
Urban returned to commentate for Germany in Margot Hielscher at Hilversum Katja Ebstein at Amsterdam Roger Cicero at Helsinki No Angels at Belgrade Oscar Sings at Moscow Lena at Oslo Lena at Düsseldorf Roman Lob middle at Baku Cascada at Malmö Elaiza at Copenhagen Ann Sophie at Vienna Jamie-Lee Kriewitz at Stockholm Levina at Kiev Michael Schulte at Lisbon From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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